Common Hawthorn

©Chris Gomersall/2020VISION

Common hawthorn

Enw gwyddonol: Crataegus monogyna
In May, our hedgerows burst into life as Common hawthorn erupts with creamy-white blossom, colouring the landscape and giving this thorny shrub its other name of 'May-tree'.

Species information

Ystadegau

Height: up to 15m

Statws cadwraethol

Common.

Pryd i'w gweld

January to December

Ynghylch

In May, Common hawthorn erupts with masses of creamy-white blossom, colouring our hedgerows. During the autumn and winter, red fruits known as 'haws' appear. Common hawthorn is a rich habitat for all kinds of wildlife, from Hawthorn shield bugs and Yellowhammers that feed on the haws, to Wood mice and Slow worms that shelter in the thorny thickets.

Sut i'w hadnabod

Common hawthorn has shiny leaves, divided into three to seven pairs of lobes, and five-petalled, sweet-smelling flowers. It can be distinguished from the similar Midland hawthorn by its more deeply lobed leaves and the fact that it only has a single seed in each fruit.

Dosbarthiad

Widespread.

Roeddech chi yn gwybod?

Common hawthorn is also known as 'May thorn', 'May blossom' and 'Quick thorn' and features in many traditional May-time celebrations; for example, the flowers were used to make garlands for May Day.

Sut y gall bobl helpu

The Wildlife Trusts work closely with farmers and landowners to ensure that our wildlife is protected and to promote wildlife-friendly practices. By working together, we can create Living Landscapes: networks of habitats stretching across town and country that allow wildlife to move about freely and people to enjoy the benefits of nature. Support this greener vision for the future by joining your local Wildlife Trust.