©Neil Aldridge


Enw gwyddonol: Sitta europaea
The nuthatch is a tit-sized, grey and rust-coloured bird that can be easily spotted climbing headfirst down tree trunks in woodlands and parks.

Species information


Length: 14cm
Wingspan: 24cm
Weight: 24g
Average lifespan: 2 years

Statws cadwraethol

Classified in the UK as Green under the Birds of Conservation Concern 4: the Red List for Birds (2015).

Pryd i'w gweld

January to December


A tit-sized bird, the nuthatch has a short tail, large head and a woodpecker-like bill. Nuthatches climb up and down tree trunks in mature woods and parklands, feeding on insects, seeds and nuts, such as hazelnuts and beechmast. They nest in holes in trees or abandoned nests, but are happy to use nestboxes, too. They start breeding in April and can produce two clutches of up to 13 eggs each.

Sut i'w hadnabod

The nuthatch is grey above, with a long, black eyestripe, white cheeks and throat, and a rust-coloured belly.


Widespread in England, Wales and southern Scotland.

Roeddech chi yn gwybod?

Nuthatches are the only UK bird that can climb headfirst down tree trunks, holding on with their powerful toes.

Sut y gall bobl helpu

The Wildlife Trusts manage many woodland nature reserves for the benefit of the wildlife they support. You can help by supporting your local Trust and becoming a member; you'll find out about exciting wildlife news, events on your doorstep and volunteering opportunities, and will be helping local wildlife along the way.